Optimization of stimulation parameters for epi-retinal implant based on biosafety consideration

Optimization of stimulation parameters for epi-retinal implant based on biosafety consideration

Background: Optimizing stimulation protocol is essential for clinical application of retinal prosthesis. Elongating stimulation pulse width (~25ms /phase) has been proposed as an effective method to improve spatial resolution of epi-retinal implants. However, it is unknown whether longer stimulus pulse width will increase the risk of damaging the retina. In addition, with the advent of next generation retinal prosthesis featuring high-density microelectrode array, it is tempting to optimizing a single set of parameters for all electrodes instead of optimizing parameters of each electrode, but this approach raised biosafety concern. We sought to study the effect of stimulus pulse width on the response of retinal ganglion cells to electrical stimulation, and evaluate if the single parameter set approach was valid based on biosafety measures

Methods: We stimulated mouse retina using biphasic pulse waveform generated by chosen electrodes (single or a 3×3 assembly) from multiple microelectrode arrays, recorded their action potentials and performed spike sorting. We tested various stimulus intensity with two fixed pulse width: a short one for 1 millisecond per phase, and a long one for 25 milliseconds per phase.

All these assays were performed on two mouse models: the wildtype C57BL/6J mice and the photoreceptor degenerated rd10 mice. The action-potential-frequency vs stimulus amplitude profiles were plotted, and three parameters were extracted: the threshold (the lowest stimulus amplitude activating RGC units), safety-limit (stimulus amplitude that attenuated the firing rate to half of the maximum response), and the stimulation amplitude range (the difference between threshold and safety limit parameters).

Results: In single-electrode stimulation experiment, we found that on average 85% of the recorded units showed attenuated response to extreme stimulation; among those units, an average of 51% stopped responding during stimulation ramping and failed to recover after one-hour post-stimulation, indicating extreme stimulation can damage RGC units. Twenty-five-millisecond pulse stimulation significantly reduced safety-limit and stimulation-amplitude-range parameters of recorded RGC units compared to 1ms pulse stimulation.

 Optimization of stimulation parameters for epi-retinal implant based on biosafety consideration
Optimization of stimulation parameters for epi-retinal implant based on biosafety consideration

During stimulus amplitude ramping, the maximum proportion of responsive healthy RGC units was 51% on average in 25ms pulse condition, and 76% on average in 1ms pulse condition, indicating long pulse may inflict more strain on RGCs, and a significant amount of inappropriately stimulated RGCs always exist. The contrast of these proportions could be explained by the tight correlation between the threshold and safety-limit parameter in 25ms pulse condition. These results were corroborated by those from 3×3 array stimulation experiments.

Anti- VEGF antibody

FNab09933 100µg
EUR 548.75
  • Recommended dilution: WB: 1:1000-1:4000
  • IHC: 1:50-1:500
  • Immunogen: vascular endothelial growth factor A
  • Uniprot ID: P15692
  • Research Area: Signal Transduction, Cardiovascular, Cancer, Immunology, Developmental biology
Description: Antibody raised against VEGF

Anti-VEGF antibody

PAab09391 100 ug
EUR 386

Anti-VEGF antibody

STJ119887 100 µl
EUR 393
Description: This gene is a member of the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family. It encodes a heparin-binding protein, which exists as a disulfide-linked homodimer. This growth factor induces proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells, and is essential for both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Disruption of this gene in mice resulted in abnormal embryonic blood vessel formation. This gene is upregulated in many known tumors and its expression is correlated with tumor stage and progression. Elevated levels of this protein are found in patients with POEMS syndrome, also known as Crow-Fukase syndrome. Allelic variants of this gene have been associated with microvascular complications of diabetes 1 (MVCD1) and atherosclerosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. There is also evidence for alternative translation initiation from upstream non-AUG (CUG) codons resulting in additional isoforms. A recent study showed that a C-terminally extended isoform is produced by use of an alternative in-frame translation termination codon via a stop codon readthrough mechanism, and that this isoform is antiangiogenic. Expression of some isoforms derived from the AUG start codon is regulated by a small upstream open reading frame, which is located within an internal ribosome entry site.

Anti-VEGF antibody

STJ97787 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to VEGF.

VEGF-KDR, Peptide Aptamer, Biotinylated

AP-337-B 1 mg Ask for price

VEGF-KDR, Peptide Aptamer, unlabeled

AP-337-U 5 mg Ask for price

VEGF Receptor 2 Blocking Peptide

AF4726-BP 1mg
EUR 195

Anti-VEGF/VEGF164 Antibody

A00045-1 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF/Vegfa Antibody

A00045-2 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF-C Antibody

A00623 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for VEGF-C Antibody (VEGFC) detection.tested for IHC, WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-VEGF/VEGFA Antibody

PA1080 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF/VEGFA Antibody

PB9071 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF-C antibody

STJ96662 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to VEGF-C.

Anti-VEGF-B antibody

STJ96851 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to VEGF-B.

anti-VEGF Receptor 1

YF-PA11817 50 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse polyclonal to VEGF Receptor 1

anti-VEGF Receptor 1

YF-PA11818 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to VEGF Receptor 1

anti-VEGF Receptor 3

YF-PA23727 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Antibody Clone VEGF/1063, Unconjugated-100ug

7422-MSM1-P1 100ug
EUR 428

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Hu-48T 48T
EUR 336
  • Should the Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Hu-96T 96T
EUR 425
  • Should the Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 330

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 450

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 317

Human Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 431

Polyclonal Goat anti-GST α-form

GST-ANTI-1 50 uL
EUR 280

Polyclonal Goat anti-GST μ-form

GST-ANTI-2 50 uL
EUR 280

Polyclonal Goat anti-GST p-form

GST-ANTI-3 50 uL
EUR 280

VEGF mimotope (avastin binding peptide) M074_F02

200-851-P 100 ug
EUR 164

VEGF mimotope (avastin binding peptide) M074_D12

200-852-P 100 ug
EUR 164

VEGF-KDR, Peptide Aptamer, FITC labelled

AP-337-F 1 mg Ask for price

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Hu-48T 48T
EUR 398
  • Should the Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Hu-96T 96T
EUR 511
  • Should the Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

RDR-C-Peptide-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 404

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

RDR-C-Peptide-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 556

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

RD-C-Peptide-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 387

Human C-Peptide ELISA Kit

RD-C-Peptide-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 532

Anti-VEGF (Bevacizumab), humanized Antibody

A1045-100
EUR 501

Anti-VEGF Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody

M00045-1 100ug/vial
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Monoclonal VEGF Antibody. Validated in Flow Cytometry, IP, IF, IHC, ICC and tested in Human, Mouse.

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (5B6)

YF-MA10355 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (5F11)

YF-MA13094 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (6F9)

YF-MA13095 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (5B5)

YF-MA13096 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (4D1)

YF-MA13097 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (2E3)

YF-MA13098 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (1C1)

YF-MA13099 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3 (6B7)

YF-MA13100 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 3

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2 (2A2)

YF-MA13909 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 2

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2 (4A2)

YF-MA13910 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 2

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2 (2C5)

YF-MA13911 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 2

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2 (4B5)

YF-MA13912 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 2

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2 (4F1)

YF-MA13913 100 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse monoclonal to VEGF Receptor 2

Anti-VEGF-A Humanized Antibody

A2136-100 100 µg
EUR 510

Phospho-VEGF Receptor 2 (Tyr1175) Blocking Peptide

AF4426-BP 1mg
EUR 195

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-b-48T 48T
EUR 493
  • Should the Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma or other biological fluids.

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-b-96T 96T
EUR 641
  • Should the Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma or other biological fluids.

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Mu-48T 48T
EUR 435
  • Should the Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Mu-96T 96T
EUR 561
  • Should the Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Ra-48T 48T
EUR 454
  • Should the Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

DLR-EG-VEGF-Ra-96T 96T
EUR 587
  • Should the Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-b-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 516

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-b-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 716

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Mu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 447

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Mu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 618

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Ra-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 470

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RDR-EG-VEGF-Ra-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 651

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-b-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 494

Bovine Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-b-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 684

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Mu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 429

Mouse Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Mu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 591

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Ra-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 450

Rat Endocrine Gland Derived Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (EG-VEGF) ELISA Kit

RD-EG-VEGF-Ra-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 622

VEGF

LF-PR009 10 ug
EUR 255
Description: VEGF protein

VEGF

MO15067 500 ug
EUR 910

VEGF

PR15028 10 ug
EUR 461

Human VEGF Protein

abx060229-100ug 100 ug
EUR 787
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

human VEGF Antibody

E13-a001 100μg
EUR 382

VEGF/ Rat VEGF ELISA Kit

ELA-E0143r 96 Tests
EUR 886

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNUM1063-50 50uL
EUR 395
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), 1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNUB1063-100 100uL
EUR 209
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNUB1063-500 500uL
EUR 458
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Concentration: 0.2mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC551063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC551063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF555 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC611063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC611063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF660R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC471063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC471063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF647 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC051063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC051063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF405M conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC401063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC401063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF640R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC431063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC431063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF543 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC041063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC041063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF405S conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC801063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC801063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF680 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCP1063-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), PerCP conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCR1063-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), RPE conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCA1063-250 250uL
EUR 383
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), APC conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCAP1063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCAP1063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Alkaline Phosphatase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCB1063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCB1063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Biotin conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCH1063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNCH1063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), Horseradish Peroxidase conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC881063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC881063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF488A conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC941063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC941063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF594 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC681063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC681063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF568 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC701063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC701063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF770 conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC811063-100 100uL
EUR 199
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

VEGF-A(VEGF/1063) Antibody

BNC811063-500 500uL
EUR 544
Description: Primary antibody against VEGF-A(VEGF/1063), CF680R conjugate, Concentration: 0.1mg/mL

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2/KDR Antibody

A00901-2 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2/Kdr Antibody

A00901-3 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3/FLT4 Antibody

A01276-2 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF Receptor 3/FLT4 Antibody

A01276-3 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

A00534 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

A00534-1 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

PA1399 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

PA1966 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

PA1966-1 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 1/FLT1 Antibody

PA1966-2 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2/KDR Antibody

PA1989 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-VEGF Receptor 2/KDR Antibody

PB9429 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Mouse Anti Human Vegf Receptor 1 Monoclonal Antibody

CABT-47861MH 0.1 mg
EUR 892

Mouse Anti-Human VEGF monoclonal antibody, clone JID793

CABT-L3034-100uL500uL 100 uL, 500 uL
EUR 502

VEGF receptor Flt-1 (F56), Peptide Aptamer, Biotinylated

AP-334-B 1 mg Ask for price

VEGF receptor Flt-1 (F56), Peptide Aptamer, unlabeled

AP-334-U 5 mg Ask for price

VEGF-stimulated Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell, Peptide Aptamer, Biotinylated

AP-338-B 1 mg Ask for price

VEGF-stimulated Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell, Peptide Aptamer, unlabeled

AP-338-U 5 mg Ask for price

VEGF-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells, Peptide Aptamer, Biotinylated

AP-339-B 1 mg Ask for price

VEGF-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells, Peptide Aptamer, unlabeled

AP-339-U 5 mg Ask for price

Canine C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-c-48T 48T
EUR 527
  • Should the Canine C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Canine C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Canine C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-c-96T 96T
EUR 688
  • Should the Canine C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Canine C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Mouse C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Mu-48T 48T
EUR 450
  • Should the Mouse C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Mouse C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Mouse C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Mu-96T 96T
EUR 582
  • Should the Mouse C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Mouse C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Rat C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Ra-48T 48T
EUR 467
  • Should the Rat C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Rat C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Rat C-Peptide ELISA Kit

DLR-C-Peptide-Ra-96T 96T
EUR 605
  • Should the Rat C-Peptide ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A competitive inhibition quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Rat C-Peptide in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Conclusion: Base on a biosafety measure (RGCs’ evoked firing rate in response to electrical stimulation), we proposed that longer stimulation pulse width could lead to reduced retinal response and thus highlighted the importance of carefully setting the stimulation amplitude in this case. Our results also suggested that optimizing a single set of parameters for all electrodes without individual tweaking always generated a significant amount of inappropriately stimulated RGCs, especially in the long pulse stimulation condition.

Leave A Comment